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『图表说新闻』老马识途?元首、国民年龄大不同国家排排坐  

2011-02-18 05:03:48|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Gerontocracy 高龄元首

Does the difference between the age of a country's people and its leader matter?
国民与领导者年龄差距大小有关系吗?

ONE much-discussed cause of the Jasmine Revolution in the Arab world is the age difference between youthful populations and grizzled leaders. Egypt's median age is 24. President Hosni Mubarak was the fifth-oldest leader in the world before he was toppled aged 82. The countries in the chart below suggest that such a wide gap is more common in autocracies like Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Algeria, Cuba and North Korea (where Kim Jong Il celebrates his 70th birthday on February 16th). Democracies, by contrast, seem to prefer more youthful leaders these days, though India and Italy are exceptions to this trend.
说到阿拉伯世界的茉莉花革命的原因,有一个常常被讨论的就是年轻一代跟白发苍苍的领导者之间的年龄差异。埃及人的平均年龄是24岁,而已经82岁的穆巴拉克总统在被推翻之前却是全球第五大高龄元首。下面这张图表可见,大部分元首与国民年龄差距巨大的国家都是专制国家,比如阿拉伯、也门、阿尔及利亚,古巴和北朝鲜(金正日在2月16日庆祝了他的70岁生日),相反的,民主国家的元首就会比较年轻。当然也有印度和意大利这样的例外。 Default template 最受推荐网友评论: Swiss Reader :

While Italy's leader indeed is relatively old, at least the First Girlfriends are mostly very young.意大利的元首是挺老的,不过好在第一女友们还都挺年轻的嘛。

trustbutverify :

To make better sense of this data I would recommend segmenting it into three groups:
为让这组数据更说的通,我想建议把它分为三部分:

Autocratic regimes are obviously only limeted by their own life expectancy. Power is pried away from cold, dead or very wrinkled hands.
只受个人寿命影响的独裁者。他们的权利只会从冰冷、已死的,或者满是皱纹的手上交出去。 Young vibrant democracies with large voter turnouts tend to make a logical connection between age, experience and competence, electing leaders in their 50s and 60s.
年轻而富有活力的民主国家:大量选民会选择与他们在年龄、经历以及能力上更有共同语言的五六十岁的领导人 Lastly, old, stale, populist rich world democracies with low voter turnouts have seen their elections gradually devolve into televised beauty contests.
最后,陈旧、没落、精英团体为代表的富裕民主国家:为数不多的投票选民眼看着选举一步一步变成了电视选美比赛。
原文链接:经济学人
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