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『双语』九成美国人信上帝 西方世界最高比例  

2011-06-10 02:15:47|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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More than 9 in 10 Americans believe in God
超过九成的美国人依然相信上帝

Poll shows U.S. still extremely religious -- unlike our Canadian, U.K. or European allies
民调显示美国人依然笃信宗教 — 跟加拿大、英国以及欧洲这些我们的盟国不尽相同。

BY NATASHA LENNARD

God according to Michelangelo(米开朗基罗笔下的上帝。)

Results of a Gallup poll released over the weekend reveal that more than nine in 10 Americans believe in God. Ninety-two percent of Gallup's 1,018 respondents (hailing from all 50 states) answered "yes" when asked whether they believed in God.
上周末发布的盖洛普民调显示,超过九成的美国人相信上帝。当被问到是否相信上帝,盖洛普这次的1018名受访者(覆盖了50个州)中92%都回答“是的”。

The pollsters noted:
调查人员指出:

Despite the many changes that have rippled through American society over the last 6 ? decades, belief in God as measured in this direct way has remained high and relatively stable. Gallup initially used this question wording in November 1944, when 96% said "yes." That percentage dropped to 94% in 1947, but increased to 98% in several Gallup surveys conducted in the 1950s and 1960s.
虽然美国社会在过去65年中发生了巨大的变化,但非黑即白地直接调查对上帝的信仰时比例一直非常高而且相对稳定。盖洛普第一次使用这一问题是在1944年11月,当时96%回答“是”。1947年这一比例掉到了94%,但在上世纪50及60年代的几次调查中又回升到了98%。

In recent decades, the pollsters have expanded the survey to also ask the question, "Do you believe in God or a universal spirit?" Given the option of a universal spirit over God -- presumably understood as a Judeo-Christian, creator carer, possibly bearded and robed type figure -- a number of Americans opted for the former (80 percent said they believed in God, 12 percent said they believed in a universal spirit). The survey did not probe into specific religious allegiances.
近几十年来,调查人员扩大了调查的涵盖,也问了“你相信上帝或者普世精神吗?”这样的问题。为的是在上帝这个选项外提供普世精神这一选择,毕竟上帝在犹太教和基督教看来很可能是一个大胡子穿长袍的形象。而大部分美国人选择了前者(80%表示自己相信圣地,只有12%说自己相信一种普世精神)。该调查并没有继续深入探讨对某一宗教的忠诚度的问题。

The breakdown of the poll results will come as little surprise:
民调结果中下面这段可能会让人有点吃惊:

Belief in God drops below 90% among younger Americans, liberals, those living in the East, those with postgraduate educations, and political independents. However, belief in God is nearly universal among Republicans and conservatives and, to a slightly lesser degree, in the South.
在青年美国人、自由主义者、东部人、研究生以上学历者以及独立政党派中,对上帝的信仰率跌到了90%以下。但对共和党、保守派、稍低学历者以及南方人来说,对上帝的信仰则几乎占到了全部人口。

Gallup has not conducted the exact same survey for different countries, but we dug up some figures about religious belief in Canada and Europe to put America's widespread belief in God in some context:
盖洛普并没有对其他国家做出完全相同的调查,但我们找出了加拿大和欧洲国家对宗教信仰的一些数据,某些角度说,这让美国成了最信上帝的国家:

  • A 2003 Gallup poll, which looked into the role of religion in the U.K., the U.S. and Canada, found that when asked about the importance of religion in their own lives, 83 percent of Americans said it is either "very important" (60 percent) or "fairly important" (23 percent). Those numbers take a dive north of the border: 62 percent of Canadians said religion is very important (28 percent) or fairly important (34 percent) to them. In Great Britain, however, less than a majority -- 47 percent -- said that religion is important in their lives. Only 17 percent of Britons consider it very important, and 30 percent feel it is fairly important.
    根据一项2003年的针对宗教在英国、美国以及加拿大的地位的盖洛普民调,当被问到宗教在自己生活中的重要性是,83%的美国人选择了“非常重要(60%)”或“相当重要(23%)”。而到了北部邻国这一数字就大幅跳水了,62%的加拿大人认为宗教“非常重要(28%)”或“相当重要(34%)”。而到了英国则只有不足半数(47%)的人表示宗教对他们很重要。只有17%英国人认为宗教非常重要,30%表示“相当重要”。
  • The most recent Eurostat Eurobarometer study by the European Commission was conducted in 2005. It found that 52 percent of European Union citizens responded that "they believe there is a God;" 27 percent said "they believe there is some sort of spirit or life force" and 18 percent said that "they do not believe there is a spirit, God, nor life force."
    最近一份由欧洲委员会发布的欧盟国家研究(2005年)指出,53%的欧美公民回答说“相信有上帝的存在”;27%表示“相信有某种精神或生命力量”;18%表示“不相信精神、上帝或生命力量”。
  • The same European survey showed Turkey and Malta to be the only European countries on par with America's figure of over 90 percent of citizens believing in God.
    同一欧洲调查显示,土耳其和马耳他是唯一两个欧洲国家有跟美国类似的,高于90%的上帝信仰比例。
  • 38 percent of British respondents to the Eurobarometer survey said they believed in God, as did 34 percent of French respondents.
    38%英国被调表示自己相信上帝,法国这一数字则是34%。
  • Although this most recent Gallup poll shows little change in how many Americans believe in God, another poll from 2010 showed a slight decrease in the number of Americans identifying with a formal religion. In the 1950s nearly 0 percent said they did not identify with a formal religion, compared to the 16 percent in 2010 who responded that they had no religious identity.
    虽然这一最近的盖洛普民调显示美国人信仰上帝的比例变化不大,但另一在2010年公布的调查则认为有正式宗教信仰的美国人比例小有下降。在1950年代,说自己没有正式宗教信仰的美国人几乎没有,而2010年则有16%表示自己没有宗教。
  • Of the Americans who do identify with a religion, an ABC News/Beliefnet poll suggests the overwhelming majority are Christians (83 percent according to their survey, which does not line up perfectly with the Gallup poll). The ABC News poll noted that only 33 percent of the world identify as Christian.
    对有宗教归属的美国人而言,一项ABC新闻和Beliefnet联合调查显示其中绝大多数都是基督徒(这项调查说是83%,跟盖洛普的民调不完全一致)。ABC新闻台的民调也指出,全球人口中只有33%是基督徒。

原文链接:Salon

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